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An inscription on a vajradhātumaṇḍala at Subāhāḥ recording the endowment of it by Lakṣmīdhaṃ and his family (NS 1009)

ID: NHDP_0001_0110

Edited by Rajan Khatiwoda, Rajendra Shakya and Ravi Shakya in collaboration with Simon Cubelic
Created: 2020-06-02; Last modified: 2022-03-01
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Published by Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities: Documents on the History of Religion and Law of Pre-modern Nepal, Heidelberg, Germany, 2022. The image(s) on which this edition is based on is/are published under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY-SA 4.0) and the copyright lies with NHDP. All use of the digital facsimiles requires prior written permission by the copyright holder. See Terms of Use.
The accompanying edition, translation/synopsis and/or commentary are available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License CCby-SA.


This inscription records the installation of a vajradhātumaṇḍala by Lakṣmīdhaṃ and his family in Subāhāḥ in NS 1009.

Diplomatic edition



[A row of embossed floral motifs]


2[...]मुनि­[...]तान­भद्र­[?]।। ।।[?]पिता­भाजुपति­।।माता­हेरामति­।।चमाजु­[?]

[A row of embossed floral motifs]


2­[?]। ।।[...]पति­रक्ष्मिध­पमुषं­।।तिरि­वुरक्ष्मि­।।पुत्र­सिधिराज­।।पुत्र­मुनजोति­।।पुत्र­

[A row of embossed floral motifs]


On Friday, the 8th of the dark fortnight of Jyeṣṭha in NS 1009 (1888 CE), in honour of the west-facing Buddha enshrined in Subāhāḥ, Lakṣmīdhaṃ (text: Rakṣmidha) along with his wife Buddhalakṣmī (text: Burakṣmi) and the rest of his family installed a vajradhātumaṇḍala in the name of his parents Bhājupati and Herāmati. This donation was meant to contribute to the salvation of all the people in the world and lead to auspiciousness and to the welfare of the donors.


This is a record of the installation of a vajradhātumaṇḍala in the Subāhāḥ courtyard. Locally, a vajradhātumaṇḍala is called a dharmadhātu. Each image records only a part of the text. The text continues on the corresponding line of the next image. It is inscribed on three sides of this octagonal structure below the double lotus throne that serves as the base for the vajradhātumaṇḍala, a maṇḍala in the Vajrayāna tradition. The Niṣpannayogāvalī, a Sanskrit text on maṇḍalas, gives Vajradhātu as the name of the Dhyāni Buddha Vairocana in his form displaying four faces and eight arms and sitting on a lion (Bhattacharya 1949: 54). The vajradhātumaṇḍala has an important role in consecration rituals. At the time of the adhivāsana, when the deity is summoned and invited to enter into the image to be consecrated, nine bathing vessels are prepared by imbuing them with the presence of the 53 deities of the vajradhātumaṇḍala (von Rospatt 2010: 210).