Version with DOI and citation guidelines Editorial Principles

A letter by Vidyāvatī Devī to King Rājendra on living arrangements in Banaras (VS 1882)

ID: DNA_0002_0025

Edited and translated by Axel Michaels in collaboration with Manik Bajracharya and Rajan Khatiwoda
Created: 2015-07-07; Last modified: 2018-06-18
For the metadata of the document, click here

Published by Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities: Documents on the History of Religion and Law of Pre-modern Nepal, Heidelberg, Germany, 2017. Published by the courtesy of the National Archives, Kathmandu. The copyright of the facsimile remains with the Nepal Rashtriya Abhilekhalaya (National Archives, Government of Nepal). All use of the digital facsimiles requires prior written permission by the copyright holder. See Terms of Use.
The accompanying edition, translation/synopsis and/or commentary are available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License CCby-SA.


This is a letter written by Vidyāvatī Devī from Naraharigañja to King Rājendra. In this, she talks about the issue of buying a house in Varanasi and offers a gift of an elephant to king.

Diplomatic edition






15रैमा­चह्राया­मेरो­¯ ¯ ­वास­हुन्या­मेहरवानगी­भै­आया­हजूरको­अक्ष
19मिति­मार्ग­शुदि­४­रोज्‌­३­मुकाम­नरहरिगंज­शुभम्‌­ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ ¯



Śrī Rāma

Śrī Kāśī 1

Īśvarī 2

no. 142

Hail! This is a letter from Vidyāvatī Devī accompanied by auspicious blessings to the one who is shining with manifold rows of eulogy [such as] ‘The venerable crest-jewel of the multitude of mountain kings’ and Naranārāyaṇa (an epithet of Kṛṣṇa) etc., high in honour, the venerable supreme king of great kings, the thrice venerable great king, Rājendra Vikrama Śāha, the brave swordsman, the divine king always triumphant in war.

Here is [all] fine. If everything is fine with Your [Majesty’s] health (kṣemakuśala), we will be protected. Further, news from here is fine.

[Regarding the] following: The child1 arrived here on Wednesday, the 12nd of Mārga. I heard about Your [Majesty’s] health and the details of there. I came [here] having requested, while bidding farewell to you, [permission to stay in Varanasi], saying “Nothing will remain of my reputation (hurmata) if I have to shift accommodations from house to house with no certain place of abode in Varanasi”. [Your Majesty] said that you wold arrange a place. Because of my destiny (prārabdhale) I have had until today to stay in the Terai (text: tariyāni). I used to write time and again to the children saying, “Send me quickly to Kāśī”. [But] nothing has reached [me] from them up to now. Recently when the partition of property for each child was undertaken,2 I was assigned the elephant Śiva Prasāda instead of houses. [However], this thing [i.e. the elephant] granted [to me] by Your Majesty out of great kindness is more appropriate for Your Majesty. I offer that elephant to Your Majesty since to my mind that it is more appropriate to remain with Your Majesty. If you kindly let me stay in Kāśī , Your [Majesty’s] merit will be undying and your glory endless. My prayer will be always that through the compassion of the goddess Your [Majesty’s] life, health [and] sovereignty may increase day by day. You will probably have learned other details through the request [made to you] by the General. Other [things] will become known to you by the request of the General. What more [is there to say] to your learned lordship?

Tuesday, the 4th day of the bright fortnight of Mārga in the [Vikrama] era year 1882 (1825 CE), [from] the Naraharigañja residence . [Let it be] auspicious.


This document has been published (Bajracharya/Khatiwoda/Michaels 2015: 98-99).


1. From the document itself it is not clear whether the child was of Vidyāvatī Devī's or someone else's. []

2. Lit. when brothers were separated [from each other]. []