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A stone slab inscription at Si Bāhāḥ, Khāchẽ Ṭola, Lalitpur re the enforcement of regulations for saṅgha members by Dharma Siṃhaju (NS 820)

ID: NHDP_0001_0026

Edited by Rajan Khatiwoda and Rajendra Shakya in collaboration with Rabi Acharya and Simon Cubelic
Created: 2020-10-21; Last modified: 2021-09-06
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Published by Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities: Documents on the History of Religion and Law of Pre-modern Nepal, Heidelberg, Germany, 2021. The image(s) on which this edition is based on is/are published under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY-SA 4.0) and the copyright lies with NHDP. All use of the digital facsimiles requires prior written permission by the copyright holder. See Terms of Use.
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Saṅgha members of Si Bāhāḥ led by Dharma Siṃhaju, its thapāḥju, enforce rules that were practised before. The inscription lists a number of rules that all the members are obliged to follow.Note that the inscription is written in Sanskrit mixed with Newari. Apparent scribal errors in the Sanskrit portion are not marked or corrected in the edition.

Diplomatic edition


[Engraving of the moon]

[Engraving of the sun]

[Engraving of a vajra on a lotus throne]

[Engraving of the sun]

[Engraving of the moon]

[Three rows of ornamental carvings]

3नरेन्द्र मल्लदेवप्रभुठाकुरस­


On the full moon day of the bright fortnight of Vaiśākha in NS 820 (1730 CE), when twice venerable King Yoga Narendra Malla, the lord of Māṇigla2 , was ruling over the land under his dominion, all the saṃgha members at the behest of Dharma Siṃhaju (text: Dhammasiṃhaju), the thapāḥju of Si Bāhāḥ (text: Śrīvacha Bāhāla) drafted the following rules that were formerly practiced: "The Bare chuigu ritual shall not be performed [on any boy] until he is five years old; nothing shall be allowed to be dried on the plinth in front of the kvāḥpāḥdyaḥ; no one is permitted to hammer pegs, spread yarn, etc. in the courtyard; the large jaḥsi (text: jalasi; a large copper cauldron) shall not be rented out to anyone except for [work related to] the deity." Everyone must follow these rules. If anyone does not follow what is written, [the sin of commiting] the pañcamahāpātaka will fall upon him.


One of the rules that this inscription enforces upon the saṅgha members of Si Bāhāḥ is that a boy should be at least five years of age to undergo the bare chuigu ritual. Usually this ritual is performed at the age of three, five or seven years, but the rule set by this inscription raised the minimum age for being inducted into the saṅgha of the bāhāḥ.


1. Note that the inscription is written in Sanskrit mixed with Newari. Apparent scribal errors in the Sanskrit portion are not marked or corrected in the edition. []

2. A variant of Māṇigala, a term that primarily refers to the Patan Durbar area but later became synonymous with the whole city of Patan. []